Bavaria (German: Bayern, pronounced [ˈbaɪ.ɐn]), officially the Kingdom of Bavaria (German: Königreich Bayern, pronounced [ˈkøːnɪkˌʁai̯ç baɪ.ɐn]), is a unitary constitutional monarchy located in southern-central Europe.

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Government and Politics Edit

See also: Constitution of Bavaria

Bavaria has been governed as a constitutional monarchy since 1818 with the King, Ludwig V, serving as head of state. Though his authority is limited by the constitution, he still exercises considerable political power. His powers include appointing the head of government (Ministerpräsident) and other ministers, serving as Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, vetoing legislation, dissolving the Parliament, and appointing some members of its members.

Landtag Edit

Bavaria has a unicameral legislature, known as the Landtag. The Landtag is composed of 200 elected members as well as a small number of appointed members and royal princes. Election to the Landtag is based on proportional representation of political parties, with a 5% electoral threshold. This low threshold often necessitates the formation of a coalition government, as one party rarely holds a majority of the seats.

Staatsrat Edit

Both the executive and judicial authority is vested in the King, together with the Council of State (Staatsrat).

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